simple past tense

Propaganda
SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Observe:
Yesterday
Today
8pm 9pm 10pm 11pm
_____________________________________________________________
Yesterday I watched a horror movie on TV. It started at 9pm and finished at 11.30pm.
No passado os verbos se dividem em: REGULAR EVRBS e IRREGULAR VERBS.
REGULAR VERBS (+ED)
(assistir)Watch
watched
(iniciar)Start
started
Verbos terminados em e:
(chegar)Arrive
(gostar)Like
arrived
liked
verbos terminados em y
(jogar, brincar, tocar instrumento musical)
play
(chorar)cry
consoante+y
cried
verbos terminados em
consoante+vogal+consoante
cvc
(parar)
Stop
stopped
(planejar) Plan planned
IRREGULAR VERBS(ED)
(ir)
Go
went
(beber) Drink
drank
(ver) See
saw
(cortar) Cut
cut
(escrever)Write
wrote
(vencer) Win
won
(comprar) Buy
bought
(custar) Cost
cost
(comer) Eat
ate
(ter)
Have
had
vogal+y
played
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
As sentenças afirmativas seguem a seguinte estrutura:
Sujeito + verbo(simple past) + ... .
Mozart wrote wonderful pieces of music.
Pit invited his friends for a party.
We drank orange juice last night.
I watched a great movie on TV.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES
Para as sentenças negativas precisamos do auxiliar DID NOT ou DIDN’T. Observe que
o verbo “volta” a sua “primeira forma” quando acompanha o auxiliar no passado.
Sujeito + did not/didn’t + verbo(infinitivo sem “to”) + ... .
Sharon didn’t write an e-mail to her friend.
The baby did not cry last night.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
nas sentenças interrogativas usamos DID no início da sentença como auxiliar do Simple
Past. Observe que na interrogativa o verbo também “volta” a sua “primeira forma” pois,
acompanha o auxiliar no passado.
Did Mary play well the piano?
Where did you go out last night?
LET’S PRACTISE.
1. Fill in the Regular verbs in parentheses into the sentences. Use the Simple Past Tense.
1. Lico __________ soccer yesterday. (to play)
2. Sarah __________ a cartoon on TV. (to watch)
3. They __________ their books. (to carry)
4. He __________ his father last Saturday. (to help)
5. John and Mary __________ the house. (to clean)
2. Fill in the Irregular verbs in parentheses into the sentences. Use the Simple Past Tense.
1. She _________ a beautiful car last week (to drive)
2. Frank _________ the whole pizza. (to eat)
3. They ________ a very good teacher last year. (to have)
4. The candidates _______ their opinion on the paper. (to write)
5. He _________ his favorite song. (to sing)
3. Change the sentences below into the interrogative and negative forms of the Simple
Past Tense.
1. His grandfather died 8 years ago.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
2. My cousin lived in France 2 years ago.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
3. I rode my bike to school this morning.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
4. We had a good holiday.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
5. John visited the Statue of Liberty last summer.
I._________________________________________________________________
N.________________________________________________________________
4. Put the sentences in the Simple Past Tense.
1. My father goes to the office by car.
_____________________________________________________________________
2. I drive his car to work in the morning.
_____________________________________________________________________
3. We eat tuna sandwiches.
_____________________________________________________________________
4. The secretary types many letters.
_____________________________________________________________________
5. Samantha has pizza for dinner.
_____________________________________________________________________
REGULAR VERBS
There are thousands of regular verbs in English. This is a small list of the more common
regular verbs. Complete the chart below
Infinitive
answer
arrive
Simple Past
Past Participle
Translation
ask
borrow
call
clean
cry
dance
discover
enjoy
fail
help
invite
jump
kiss
like
look
miss
need
open
paint
rain
search
stop
IRREGULAR VERBS LIST
This is a list of some irregular verbs in English.
Infinitive
Past Simple
Past Participle
Translation
awake
awoke
awoken
acordar
be
was, were
been
ser, estar
begin
began
begun
começar
break
broke
broken
quebrar
build
built
built
construir
buy
bought
bought
comprar
choose
chose
chosen
escolher
catch
caught
caught
pegar
come
came
come
vir
cost
cost
cost
custar
cut
cut
cut
cortar
do
did
done
fazer
draw
drew
drawn
desenhar
dream
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
sonhar
drive
drove
driven
dirigir
drink
drunk
drunk
beber
eat
ate
eaten
comer
fall
fell
fallen
cair
feel
felt
felt
sentir
find
found
found
achar, encontrar
forget
forgot
forgotten
esquecer
get
got
gotten
conseguir
give
gave
given
dar
go
went
gone
ir
grow
grew
grown
crescer
have
had
had
ter
hear
heard
heard
ouvir
hurt
hurt
hurt
machucar
keep
kept
kept
manter
know
knew
known
saber
learn
learned/learnt
learned/learnt
aprender
leave
left
left
partir, sair
lose
lost
lost
perder
make
made
made
fazer
meet
met
met
encontrar, conhecer
pay
paid
paid
pagar
put
put
put
colocar
read
read
read
ler
ride
rode
ridden
Andar de…; cavalgar
run
ran
run
correr
see
saw
seen
ver
sing
sang
sung
cantar
sleep
slept
slept
dormir
speak
spoke
spoken
falar
swim
swam
swum
nadar
take
took
taken
pegar, levar
tell
told
told
contar
think
thought
thought
pensar
understand
understood
understood
compreender
wear
wore
worn
vestir
win
won
won
vencer
write
wrote
written
escrever
1º. Pegue uma folha de papel
2º. Escreva como o modelo:
Infinitive
Simple Past Past ParticipleTradução
write
wrote
written
escrever
3º. Por 3 minutos, escreva quanto verbos irregulares lembrar nas devidas colunas.
4º. Confira-os e faça as devidas correções.
5º. Faça isso depois de seus exercícios de inglês e veja que sua lista ficará maior a cada
dia que passa.
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