THE PASSIVE VOICE

Propaganda
THE
PASSIVE
VOICE
Para enfatizar a ação
praticada, e não
quem a praticou.
 Quando a
mensagem (em geral
escrita) tem tom
formal ou impessoal.
Television was
invented in
1926.
Your visa request has
been approved.
 Em manchetes
de jornais ou
cronologias,
normalmente sem o
verbo to be.
Human genetic
code cracked by
scientists.
1300 – Aqueducts and
reservoirs used for
irrigation in Egypt.
A voz passiva é formada da seguinte
maneira:
to be + past participle
South America’s best wine is produced in Chile.
Some productivity records were broken last year.
The Nobel Prize was never awarded to a Brazilian.
Paulo Coelho writes books
Books
are written
O OBJETO
TORNA-SE O
SUJEITO
by Paulo Coelho
O SUJEITO
TORNA-SE O
AGENTE DA
PASSIVA
Paulo Coelho wrote books
Books
were written
by Paulo Coelho
to be
mesmo tempo do
verbo principal na
VOZ ATIVA
+
particípio
O particípio é uma
FORMA DO VERBO. É
a terceira coluna na
lista de verbos.
to write – wrote - written
The book is written by Paulo Coelho
to invent – invented - invented
Santos Dumont invented the airplane
SIMPLE PAST
(VOZ ATIVA)
The airplane was invented by Santos Dumont
O tempo do verbo to be é o mesmo em que o
verbo principal estaria na voz ativa:
voz ativa
Chile produces South
America’s best wine.
produces – present simple
voz passiva
South America’s best wine
is produced in Chile.
is – present simple
Lionel Richie sang ‘Say you, say me’.
(to sing – sang – sung)
‘Say you, say me
was sung
by Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie sings ‘Say you, say me’.
‘Say you, say me
is sung
by Lionel Richie
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
Paulo Coelho is writing a new book
A new book is being written by Paulo Coelho
Tom Hanks is receiving an Oscar
An Oscar is being received
Hanks
by Tom
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