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Technology, Information and Resilience Risk
Primer for 2019
Published: 5 February 2019
ID: G00375911
Analyst(s): Earl Perkins, Roberta Witty, Jie Zhang
Risk management identifies an organization’s hazards to achieving success.
Security and risk management leaders must rethink how continuous change
requires new approaches to the risk-security relationship.
Scope
Information and technology now serve as tool and product, changing in value, volume, variety and
velocity. Organizations must change in approach and skill to meet the new risks and security
demands.
Some topics within this initiative include:
■
Resilience
■
Risk management
■
Privacy
■
Business continuity
■
Cyber-physical security
Analysis
Figure 1. Technology, Information and Resilience Risk Overview
Source: Gartner (February 2019)
Organizations are moving from just responding to technology changes to creating a resilient
1
ecosystem that embraces change. Gartner’s “ContinuousNext” formula envisions an informationrich organization driven by five key imperatives: augmented intelligence, culture, digital product
management, digital twins and privacy. The ContinuousNext formula is a response to continuous
change in risk management.
The very nature of the risk and business relationship changes as well. Risk management becomes
2
more digital and integrated, and business imperatives become more cyber-physical. For both risk
and business practices to be efficient and effective, organizations need an approach that leverages
the risk-business relationship.
Organizational resilience — the ability of an organization to resist, absorb, recover from and adapt to
business disruption — is the cornerstone of any risk-security relationship. To deliver that resilience,
a coordinated system of information, technology and operations provides the business with
security, preserves data privacy and ensures continuity of operations. Organizations must
continuously analyze their risk exposure and environment. They may leverage risk-data
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management for decisions about setting security priorities and reporting on risk to audit
stakeholders. Factors such as leadership, culture, governance and skills development aid in
ensuring the success of the risk-security relationship.
In 2019, the theme continues to be one of continuous and accelerated change — in technology and
in business relationships and practices. Restructuring the risk-business relationship with new and
updated practices is mandatory to reflect and maintain how organizations respond to that change.
Determining and obtaining the necessary resources to do so ensures a higher probability of success
for managing risk, securing cyber and physical ecosystems, and, most important, protecting the
business.
Top Challenges and How Gartner Can Help
Risk management processes aren’t positioned for a rapidly changing regulatory environment, which
impacts achievement of the organization’s strategy and objectives. Restructuring the risk
management program to more nimbly adapt to these changes should be the goal. Many risk
decision makers haven’t been educated on effective risk management decision making. Many risk
decisions have also been automated, and the risk processes supporting those decisions haven’t
been restructured to account for this. Security policies are too broad and don’t drive effective risk
decision making, and the cyber-physical security practice has not yet become a more effective
consultant for those decision makers. Risk isn’t communicated effectively to senior business
leadership as a result. Organizations must remake the risk-business relationship in the image of the
business for leadership to succeed.
The topics we cover include these areas:
■
Resilience: Develop organizationally resilient business planning and operations to address risk
and security needs.
■
Risk management: Design and deploy a risk management program with fit-for-purpose
frameworks, technology choices and organization.
■
Privacy: Address privacy concerns through program management and effective technology
use.
■
Business continuity: Deliver business continuity and disaster recovery capabilities for business
and IT.
■
Cyber-physical security: Leverage digital transformation with a cyber-physical security
practice around technology, process and organization.
Some content may not be available as part of your current Gartner subscription. Contact an Account
Executive if you wish to discuss expanding your access to Gartner content.
Our research addresses the following common client questions:
Gartner, Inc. | G00375911
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How can we develop and manage organizational resilience as part of risk management?
Gartner research has found that current risk management plans fail to account for the organization’s
ability to absorb, recover and adapt to digital transformation. For example, many risk plans draw
only cursory links between business continuity and risk, raising the possibility that plans could fail to
account for known risks. Likewise, risk plans have incomplete means to quickly and accurately
assess digital risk costs. Emerging trends in performance-to-risk indicator mapping underscore a
new approach to resilient risk practice. Certification activities can inform best practices for maturing
risk management to a resilient state. During events that can disrupt an organization’s business,
better communication to risk accountability owners and influencers can lead to improved resilience.
Planned Research
■
Organizational Resilience Strategic Roadmap
■
Communicating to Different Constituents During a Crisis
■
Making the Business Case for Organizational Resilience by Applying Risk-Adjusted Leading
Performance Indicators
How can we design and deliver business-relevant risk management frameworks, metrics
and systems?
The design and delivery of effective risk management practice is a critical objective for security and
risk management (SRM) leaders. They need a formal approach to define business-relevant risk,
measure it and operate systems around it for the organization’s business users and providers of
technology. A wide range of process steps, tools and controls must be available, including updated
risk heat maps, guides for the business-technology approach to risk, processes for complex and
varied service environments, and systems for risk quantification.
Planned Research
■
Toolkit: A Practical Risk Heat Map That Drives Change and Growth
■
From GRC to Integrated Risk Management: A Practical Guide
■
Managing Vendor Risk to Ensure Digital Business Success
■
Opportunities and Challenges in Cyber Risk Quantification
■
Magic Quadrant for Integrated Risk Management
What can we do to provide an effective compliance and audit process and tools to stay
relevant to an evolving digital business environment?
The continuously evolving business requirements and subsequent transition in technology decisions
impact applicable compliance mandates and challenge the effectiveness of existing risk remediation
strategies. SRM leaders continue to need capabilities for optimizing and realigning due diligence
activities in their digital ecosystem. Gartner research continues the practice of updating advice
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regarding frameworks that inform compliance and audit activities. Evolving roles in governance and
management are also addressed. Notable reset approaches in auditing affected by environments
such as the cloud, application development and operations will be examined. Addressing
technology and service changes in support of assurance activities and audit systems will also be
core topics for leaders in business and technology support.
Planned Research
■
Toolkit: Job Description for the Digital Compliance Officer
■
How to Audit Agile Approaches in DevOps
■
FedRAMP Demystified
■
Best Practices in Implementing the NIST Cybersecurity Framework
What are the components of best-in-class privacy programs, and how do we enable
privacy compliance for our organization?
Gartner research examines the governance and control necessary to ensure privacy and trust in
business interactions for organizations and people. Privacy management programs have people,
business, technology and legal drivers. Digital transformation also forces privacy programs to
address the continuous changes needed to stay ahead and remain practical. Innovations in data
privacy will address key technological changes in areas such as analytics, artificial intelligence and
integrated risk management. A growing and complex regulatory environment also continues to
place demands on privacy management that must be addressed. An encompassing privacy
architecture is required to participate fully in the ContinuousNext formula for 2019 and beyond.
Planned Research
■
Practical Privacy — Data Mapping, Going From Manual to Continuous Discovery
■
Six Security Technologies That Are Key to Operationalizing Privacy
■
Five Areas Where AI Can Supercharge Your Privacy Readiness
■
Evolving Toward a Comprehensive Privacy Architecture for Data and Analytics
How do we ensure business continuity, disaster recovery and crisis management, and what
technologies and services are required to do so?
Business continuity management programs are broad, addressing recovery, crisis/emergency
management, disaster recovery, and supplier risk and contingencies. Few programs in an
organization affect as many stakeholders: customers, partners, suppliers and employees. Few
programs are so pervasive across facilities and supporting systems such as IT/OT and data,
including vital records. Business continuity management (BCM) is also central to ensuring
organizational resilience in the enterprise and supplier ecosystem. Gartner research seeks to deliver
a strategic roadmap for clients and to identify how elements of BCM processes are used. Advice
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regarding use of new technologies to address engagement practices, regulatory requirements and
collaboration functions is also provided. Gartner continues to expand research into markets for
crisis/emergency management platforms and notification services.
Planned Research
■
BCM Strategic Roadmap
■
How Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Are Changing the BCM Profession
■
Best Practices for Developing Business Workaround Procedures Following a Cyberattack
Outage
■
ISO 22301:2012 Organizational Certification and Best Practices — Certification vs. Resilience
How can we deliver a cyber-physical security practice around technology, process and
organization?
Gartner is expanding research into the cyber-physical systems (CPS) security initiatives that assetcentric organizations pursue. CPS presents an opportunity to tackle security and safety across IT,
OT and Internet of Things (IoT) through transformation initiatives specific to vertical industry needs.
Strategy, governance and tactics for business models and direction aid relevant SRM leaders to
address specific needs of CPS. Those needs include identifying vertical requirements for strategic
security and safety concerns, operational changes, and risk management.
Planned Research
■
Key Considerations for Developing a Security Vision and Strategy for Cyber-Physical Systems
■
How Cyber-Physical Systems Stretch Traditional Vulnerability and Threat Considerations
■
Using the Gartner Vertical Strategy Framework to Position Cyber-Physical Systems Security as
a Business Imperative
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Related Priorities
Table 1. Related Priorities
Priority
Focus
Vendor Management
Strategy and Operations
Vendor management strategy and operations help mature the organization’s ability to
assess, monitor and manage vendor performance, risks, relationships and contracts in
pursuit of business goals.
Identity and Access
Management
IAM encompasses tools and best practices to manage identities and access across an
enterprise's workforce and customers, to manage risk, reduce fraud and other losses,
and enable business imperatives.
Security of Applications
and Data
This initiative enables organizations to conduct business and venture into new
opportunities by managing security risks against their most exposed and valuable assets,
namely applications and data.
Information Security
Management Program
Gartner delivers timely and comprehensive guidance for information security
management programs for organizations. That guidance is prescriptive and targets key
initiatives for best-in-class programs.
Source: Gartner
Suggested First Steps
■
“Leadership Vision for 2019: Security and Risk Leader”: This slide deck will help SRM leaders in
planning for 2019 and in presentations to leadership, peers and teams.
■
“Build for Privacy”: Successful SRM leaders need to support their business objectives with
“privacy engineering” to gain a competitive advantage and differentiate offerings in crowded
markets.
■
“The Resilience Premium of Digital Business: A Gartner Trend Insight Report”: SRM leaders
must deliver by building a culture of systemic resilience through viewing resilience as a premium
and not as a cost.
■
“Top Security and Risk Management Trends”: SRM leaders must take advantage of emerging
trends to improve resilience and elevate their standing in the organization.
■
“Definition: Business Continuity Management”: SRM leaders responsible for business continuity
need to understand the full scope of their BCM efforts, which should comprise an
enterprisewide program.
■
“The Business Impact Analysis: A Digital Business Essential”: SRM leaders should use a crossfunctional BIA as an essential tool in developing collaborative procedures in response to a major
business disruption.
■
“Organizational Resilience Is More Than Just the Latest Trend”: SRM leaders must work with
the whole organization to design, implement and maintain resilience characteristics to ensure
digital business initiatives become sustainable operations.
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■
“Ensure Digital Business Resilience Through Better Risk Management Planning”: To achieve
organizational resilience, SRM leaders must consider impacts on roles, responsibilities and
external relationships resulting from new participants, technologies and processes.
■
“The Organizational Resilience Program Delivery Model”: SRM leaders must work with the
whole organization to design, implement and maintain resilience characteristics to transform
digital business initiatives into sustainable operations.
■
“Delivering Resilience and Recoverability for Distributed Transactions Poses a Whole New
Challenge”: As digital business software embraces heterogeneous distributed transactions and
microservices, application leaders need new means of ensuring data and process integrity.
■
“Cybersecurity Redefined for the Digital Era”: SRM leaders must agree on what cybersecurity
means to address the risks and threats of digital transformation.
■
“Focus More on the Realities of Cyber-Physical Systems Security Than on the Concepts of IoT”:
To be effective, SRM leaders must holistically address the needs of cyber-physical systems
rather than focusing on specific implementations of IT, OT or IoT security.
Essential Reading
■
“Critical Capabilities for Integrated Risk Management": SRM leaders can use this research to
evaluate IRM solutions to address a business-unit-wide view of risk and compliance.
■
“Magic Quadrant for Integrated Risk Management”: SRM leaders should use this Magic
Quadrant to identify solutions that support an integrated approach to risk management.
■
“Maverick* Research: Why GDPR and Other Privacy Initiatives Will Fail”: CIOs and IT leaders
should be aware that difficulties and challenges may lead these regulations to fail.
■
“From Digital Transformation to ContinuousNext: Key Insights From the 2018 Gartner
Symposium/ITxpo Keynote”: CIOs can prepare their organizations for continuous change by
focusing on five imperatives: augmented intelligence, privacy, culture, digital product
management and digital twins.
■
“Critical Capabilities for IT Risk Management Solutions”: SRM leaders experience increased
demand for ITRM solutions originating from cybersecurity initiatives.
■
“Predicts 2019: The Ambiguous Future of Privacy”: These predictions highlight for SRM leaders
the correlation between new technology and regulatory impact, customer dependency and
commercial opportunity.
■
“Cool Vendors in Security and Risk Management: Securely Scaling Digital Businesses”: SRM
leaders striving to balance assurance against scaling business operations should evaluate these
solutions.
■
“Manage the Digital Risks of Blockchain Initiatives”: SRM leaders require digital risk thinking
and action to address blockchain risk.
■
“Leverage Emotions to Communicate Risk More Effectively”: Understanding risk sentiment
helps SRM leaders craft more meaningful risk messaging.
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■
“Learn Your Risk Appetite or Fail at Risk Management”: SRM leaders need to work with
business stakeholders to determine organizational risk appetites.
Tools and Toolkits
■
“Toolkit: Conducting a Business Impact Analysis”: SRM leaders should use this Toolkit to
capture and analyze the data needed to determine the recovery priorities that will drive recovery
strategies and solution development.
■
“Toolkit: Assessing the Effectiveness of Recovery Plans Following a Business Disruption”: This
user-customizable Toolkit offers SRM leaders and their enterprises an easy way to assess the
effectiveness of their plans following a business disruption.
Evidence
1
“From Digital Transformation to ContinuousNext: Key Insights From the 2018 Gartner Symposium/
ITxpo Keynote”
2
“Focus More on the Realities of Cyber-Physical Systems Security Than on the Concepts of IoT”
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Gartner, Inc. | G00375911
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