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SERVIÇO NACIONAL DE APRENDIZAGEM COMERCIAL
FACULDADE DE TECNOLOGIA SENAC PELOTAS
CURSO SUPERIOR DE TECNOLOGGIA EM ANÁLISE E DESENVOLVIMENTO DE SISTEMAS
Unidade Curricular: Inglês Instrumental
Professora: Eren Pasquali
1) O texto que você lerá intitula-se The computer system. Antes de iniciar a leitura, discuta com um
colega qual o tipo de informação que você espera encontrar e liste algumas das palavras.
________________ ________________ __________________ ________________
The computer system
Do you know what a computer is? The computer system executes all the functions of a computer. A
standard computer system consists of three basic parts or sections: input units, a processor unit and the
output units.
The function of the input unit is to accept both the data and the programs needed for processing and
to present them to the processor unit. The processor unit stores and processes the data, and the output units
display the results obtained from processing.
The most common input units are the keyboard and the mouse. These devices enable data to go
into the computer’s memory.
The processor unit is divided into two main parts: the Central Processing Unit (the CPU) and the
main storage unit (the main memory). The Central Processing Unit is considered the most important
component of the computer system. In other words, the CPU is the brain of the computer. It carries out
program instructions and coordinates all the activities of the other units. The main memory holds the
instructions and the data which are currently being processed by the CPU.
All computers have a type of auxiliary or extra storage device: floppy or hard disks. The devices
provide permanent storage of both data and program. Disk drives are used to handle one or more floppy
disks (diskettes).
Outputs units enable us to extract the finished product from the system. The computer either shows
the output on the monitor screen or pint the results onto a paper by means of a printer.
The peripherals are the physical units connected to the computer. They include both input and
output devices as well as storage devices. Peripherals such as mouse, modems, scanners, optical devices,
printers, keyboards, loudspeakers, etc., are plugged into the ports on the rear panel of the computers.
The peripherals set of a computer system is also known as the configuration. Regardless of
appearance, cost, or size, all the computers have the same basic cycle, are made up of the same basic parts
and perform the same types of operations.
2) Escreva algumas palavras cognatas que você encontrou no texto.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3) Com base nas palavras cognatas do primeiro parágrafo, responda:
a) O que faz um sistema de computador?
b) Em quantas partes de divide?
c) Quais são essas partes?
VOCABULÁRIO
4) Veja o que cada grupo de palavras tem em comum. Classifique-os de acordo com a idéia que
expressam e, quando for possível indique a classe gramatical das palavras que o compõem.
ALLOW/ENABLE/ LET/ PERMIT
BRAIN/HEAD
PURPOSE/FUNCTION/OBJECTIVE
CARRY OUT/DO/PERFORM/EXECUTE
AT THE MOMENT/NOWADAYS/CURRENTLY
BACK/BEHIND/REAR
REFERÊNCIAL TEXTUAL
5) Volte ao texto e indique as palavras às quais os pronomes abaixo se referem:
a) them (linha 5) ____________________
b) these (l. 7) _______________________
c) it (l. 11) _________________________
d) us (l. 17) ________________________
e) they (l.19) _______________________
6) Reescreva as orações mudando as palavras sublinhadas pelo pronome pessoal apropriado.
a) The computer is a machine. ______________________________________________________________
b) Paul is a computer user. _________________________________________________________________
c) Mary and Katerine are Canadian. __________________________________________________________
d) The data are changed into electrical impulses. ________________________________________________
e) John and I use a computer everyday. _______________________________________________________
f) Blaise Pascal developed an adding machine in 1642.___________________________________________
SIMPLE PRESENT (VERBO TO BE)
7) Volte ao texto e retire alguns exemplos do uso do verbo To Be.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
8) Formas do verbo To Be. Escreva as formas afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas.
AFIRMATIVA
NEGATIVA
INTERROGAÇÃO
I
YOU
HE/SHE/IT
WE
YOU
THEY
9) Escreva um parágrafo resumindo o texto.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________
(NOTA: Os dados foram retirados de CRUZ, Décio Torres. Inglês.com.textos para informática. Salvador: Disal, 2006.)
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