▪1. Identify the Primary and Secondary Survey of the victim; and OBJECTIVES ▪2. Demonstrates the conduct of primary and secondary survey of the victim. ▪1. What did you feel Process Questions: after doing the first activity? ▪2. Do you have similar experience/s from the above situation? What are your responses? ▪Is the first and immediate First Aid assistance given to any person suffering from either a minor or serious illness or injury (Kindersley, 2009). It includes self-help and home care if medical assistance is not available or delayed. ▪ STEP 1: Is the scene safe? Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim If YES, proceed to the next steps. If NO, do not attempt to go to the accident area. Call Emergency Medical Services. ▪ STEP 2: Make sure that the victim is lying on his back. If not, roll the victim. ▪STEP 3: Check the Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim responsiveness by gently tapping the shoulder of the victim saying: “Hey, hey, hey are you okay?” ▪STEP 4: If there is no response, call for help immediately. ▪STEP 5: Do the Primary and Secondary Survey ▪is used when the victim Primary Survey is unconscious and to find out and immediately treat lifethreatening conditions. ▪Airway – check if there is Primary Survey blockage in the airway (If yes, take it out using your pinky finger in a scooping motion. ▪Breathing – use the Primary Survey maximum head-tilt-chin-lift method and method looklisten-feel (if negative, perform rescue breathing) ▪Circulation – Use of Primary Survey carotid pulse (If negative, go to step 6) ▪STEP 6: While Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim applying maximum head-tilt-chin-lift method, pinch the nose and give 2 initial full breath to the victims. ▪STEP 7: Take off Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim the clothes of the victim that can block the compression area. ▪STEP 8: Perform CPR Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim on the victim. Do 5 cycles of 30 compressions and 2 breaths. ▪STEP 9: If the victim is Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim revived, do the secondary survey of the victim. If not, continue performing CPR while waiting for the rescue team. Primary and Secondary Survey of the Victim ▪STEP 10: Do the secondary survey. ▪ is used when the Secondary Survey victim is conscious or has revived. It aims to detect everything about the patient’s condition. Record all the data and surrender to the rescue team. ▪SAMPLE is the Secondary Survey mnemonic in order to perform the steps more easily. Secondary Survey ▪S-ymptoms ▪A-llergy ▪M-edication ▪P-ast medical history ▪L-ast oral intake ▪E-vents prior to the incident. ▪ Vital Signs Secondary Survey Carefully check the vital signs of the victim. ▪ EYES Secondary Survey ▪Dilated - shock ▪Constricted – stroke or drug abuse ▪Pupils are unequal – stroke or head injuries ▪ NOSE ▪Watery – fracture or Secondary Survey skull injury ▪Bluish Skin Color – lacking oxygen ▪ BODY Secondary Survey TEMPERATURE ▪BLOOD PRESSURE ▪ HEAD To TOE Examination (DCAPBTLS) Secondary Survey ▪ Deformity ▪ Confusions ▪ Abrasions ▪ Punctures ▪ Burns ▪ Tenderness ▪ Lacerations ▪ Swelling ▪What are the things QUESTION we must remember in terms of conducting primary and secondary survey of the victim? THINK MORE AND ANALYZE ▪Instructions: Choose one OUTPUT (1) sample accident and take a photo doing a survey of the victim (Reenactment). Attached the photo inside the box and write 2 to 3 sentences explaining the procedures of the survey that you conducted.